European Energy Law & Policy


This unique in Greek Universities module has been recently introduced to the curriculum of the Post-graduate Programme in International and European Studies. Energy is a topical and acute sector and we have witnessed an enthusiastic response by the students. Academics, practitioners, EU officials, administrators and CEOs of the energy industry are invited to discuss topical issues of energy law and policy. The lectures introduce post-graduate students of a multidisciplinary background and a particular interest in Energy to the EU as an additional supranational policymaking level in the field of energy. This is achieved by a thorough analysis and discussion of the legal framework of EU Energy Law and Policy, in particular following the Treaty of Lisbon and the introduction of a new legal basis (article 194) for Energy. The lectures cover:

  • The Community method of decision-making, the structures and the importance of the EU decision making institutions (focusing on the European Council, the Commission and the EP), the various decision making process (i.e. co-decision)
  • the role of national interests, their lobbying structures and strategies aiming to influence the development of the European Energy Policy, and the ways that the ‘EU environment’ and the ‘economic environment’ influence the cohesiveness of this collective action of member states and third countries
  • the on-going transformation, the characteristics, and the diversity of resources, the integration of the industry, the increased regionalisation of energy related activities
  • the evolution during the historic course of European integration, and within the framework of the EU Energy Policy, the keystones of this process, distinguishing this process into five distinctive periods (the exclusion of Energy from the Community acquis, a policy of ‘non-intervention’ in the energy sector, resumption of initiatives and formation of proposals towards a European Energy policy, the three Energy Packages, the new Article 194 introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon)
  • the implications of the contemporary EU energy strategy, the financing of energy infrastructure, in the light of current regulatory, competition and state aid law, efficient and fair pricing
  • the EU strategy to advance the interoperability and interconnection of energy networks as in inseparable part of the single European market, the EU initiatives to advance integration in the Trans-European Networks
  • policy proposals and policy actors (national administrations, supranational institutions) dealing with the adjustment of national legislation to EU law
  • the legal implications of the EU initiatives, the prospects, the difficulties and the expected further developments of the European Energy law, in the light of the agenda (free movement, fee access, competition, concession practices, environmental dimension, external relations) that the European Commission has recently put forward and is in the stage of public consultation.


The chief objective of this unique module is to understand under what circumstances and conditions the single European energy market would bring down prices, improve security of supply and boost competitiveness and environmental protection and, at the same time, promote the EU’s objectives in other areas, including external relations. The aim is to familiarize students with this important economic sector together with a basic knowledge of the EU law as it stands. Students have the opportunity to discuss the drawbacks and progress towards the completion of a genuine and workable EU internal energy market in the light of the Treaty of Lisbon and the new Article 194 for Energy.