EU Transport Law & Policy

Transport is one of the EU’s foremost common policies. It is governed by Title VI (Articles 90 to 100) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Since the Rome Treaty's entry into force in 1958, this policy has been focused on removing borders between Member States and thus contributing to the free movement of individuals and of goods. Its principal aims are to complete the internal market, ensure sustainable development, extend transport networks throughout Europe and promote international cooperation. The Single Market signaled a veritable turning point in the common policy in the area of transport. Since the 2001 White Paper, which was revised in 2006, this policy area has been oriented towards harmoniously developing the different modes of transport and promoting the trans-European networks. A Research Group on EU Transport Law and Policy is devoted to the examination of the following regulatory and policy issues with particular focus on the maritime and air transport sectors:

  • EU transport policy vs. national interests
  • The legal basis for a common transport policy
  • Liberalisation of transport markets in Europe
  • Regulatory framework for cabotage, liner and tramp shipping services
  • Shipping pools under competition rules
  • Interaction with other EU policies (Energy, Environment, Competition, Cohesion)
  • Open skies agreements with the US
  • Airlines Alliances
  • Liberalisation of port services
  • Infrastructure financing and state aids
  • The external dimension on the EU common transport policy